Hyperpigmentation Treatment in Turkey
Hyperpigmentation Treatment in Turkey is an article that aims to give you all the information you do not know about Hyperpigmentation Treatment in Turkey. We kindly shared the main headings with you;
What is hyperpigmentation?
Commonly occurring hyperpigmentation causes some skin patches to be darker than others. “Pigment” refers to color, and “hyper” refers to quantity. Spots or patches that contain an excessive amount of melanin appear brown, black, gray, red, or pink. Melanin is a pigment that skin cells produce that gives skin its color. These skin cells may produce an excessive amount of melanin if they are harmed or unwell. When melanin clumps, an area can seem darker. Sometimes the spots are referred to as liver spots, aging spots, or sun spots. The spots may appear only in one location on the body or all over.
What are the causes of hyperpigmentation?
The causes of hyperpigmentation are numerous:
- Adrenal disorders. When the body produces insufficient amounts of the hormone cortisol, it can cause adrenal disorders like Addison’s disease.
- A family with freckles is an example of hyperpigmentation.
- Hormone changes. Those that occur during pregnancy or puberty can be given as an example.
- Injury to the skin. Also known as postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, might include acne, wounds, or burns. medications, such as light-sensitive medicines and oral contraceptives (birth control pills).
- Getting insufficient amounts of some vitamins, such as folic acid and B12.
- Damage from the sun (these spots are sometimes known as solar lentigines).
- Thyroid conditions.
What is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation?
A condition known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) occurs when your skin produces more melanin than usual as a result of irritation or injury. The pigment melanin, which is found naturally in our bodies, gives our hair, skin, and eyes their color. PIH can damage either your dermis, a deep layer of skin, or your epidermis, which is the skin’s surface layer.
How hyperpigmentation is diagnosed?
In order to identify hyperpigmentation, a medical professional might:
- Question you about your medical history, especially the onset of the darkened skin and the medications you are now taking.
- Examine your skin during a physical examination.
- Examine your skin with a Wood lamp, a specialized UV light.
- Order blood tests to examine your thyroid function, hormone levels, vitamins, and iron.
- In order to screen for any abnormal skin cells, take a small sample of skin.
What are some types of recommended prescriptions to treat hyperpigmentation?
Your doctor might advise various lifestyle modifications depending on the causes of the hyperpigmentation like staying out of the sun, applying sunscreen, and wearing protective clothing. Besides, stopping any drugs that might be contributing to hyperpigmentation and increasing vitamin consumption can be helpful.
Apart from lifestyle changes, your doctor may advise topical therapy, which involves applying lotions or topical creams to the skin, either on a prescription or over-the-counter basis such as,
- Azelaic acid.
- Alpha-hydroxy acid (glycolic acid)
- Kojic. This acid is a substance that can lessen the body’s production of melanin.
- Salicylic acid.
- Skin bleach.
- Vitamin C or niacinamide (B3).
The effects of hydroquinone and steroid creams on skin tone can take three to six months.
Skin whitening, often referred to as skin lightening and skin bleaching, is the use of chemicals in an effort to make the skin lighter or more uniformly colored by lowering the melanin content of the skin.
It is important to be aware that topical creams can have adverse effects. Steroids and hydroquinone cream, two skin-lightening products, have been linked to:
- Skin rashes and irritation
- Fragile skin
- Reddening of the skin
- Skin sores
- Xeroderma, or extreme dryness
- An allergic reaction or contact dermatitis
- Blue and purple pigmentation after long-term use is known as exogenous ochronosis – though this is uncommon.
For this reason, patients should consult their doctors before using any skin-lightening products.
What is hyperpigmentation treatment in Turkey?
The treatment types include:
- Chemical peels
- Laser skin resurfacing – Intense Pulse Light Therapy (IPL)
- Pigmented lesion laser
In a chemical peel, the targeted skin region is treated with acids that are more concentrated. By eliminating the epidermis, the top layer of your skin, they lessen the appearance of hyperpigmentation. For more pronounced results, deeper versions may potentially pierce the dermis, the middle layer of your skin.
In-office peels may put you at a higher risk for adverse reactions due to their potency. Your specific risks should be discussed with your dermatologist. Both at-home and in-office chemical peels can lead to complications, including:
- Allergic response
For which skin type it is the most effective?
Chemical peels might be effective if you have:
- Sun damage
- Blotchy skin
They may also yield quicker benefits than face acid solutions and are most effective for fairer skin tones.
Consider using a glycolic acid peel from Exuviance if you’re seeking a professional-grade peel to utilize at home. Up to twice a week may be spent using this product. It can also aid in lessening the visibility of wrinkles. Consult your doctor if you want a harsher peel or have darker skin. They can assist you to choose the best peel for you by going over the professional peels they offer.
However, chemical peels might not be your greatest medical option if you frequently spend time in the sun. Your skin becomes more susceptible to the sun’s rays after chemical peels. The sun can worsen your hyperpigmentation if you don’t use enough sunscreen and other UV protection. After your last chemical peel, you’ll need to take extra care for at least one week.
Laser Skin Resurfacing – Intense Pulse Light Therapy (IPL)
To lessen hyperpigmentation, a laser peel (resurfacing) procedure uses focused light beams. Ablative and non-ablative lasers come in two varieties. The strongest lasers are ablative ones, which remove layers of your skin. On the other hand, non-ablative therapies focus on the dermis to encourage the tightness and development of collagen. Ablative lasers are more potent, but they could also have greater negative effects. In order for new skin cells to regrow tighter and more toned, both eliminate components in your skin.
Non-ablative (fractional) laser therapy includes IPL therapy. IPL therapy, also referred to as a photo facial, promotes collagen development in the dermis. Usually, several sessions are necessary. IPL is used to treat general pigmentation problems, although flat areas respond particularly well to this therapy. Additionally, it can aid in lessening the visibility of wrinkles, spider veins, and enlarged pores.
For which skin type it is the most effective?
The best method for skin resurfacing doesn’t exist. For those with fair skin, ablative lasers might be more effective. Non-ablative versions may result in skin darkening rather than lightening for certain persons. The ideal solution for your skin will be determined after your dermatologist and you evaluate your discoloration and general skin tone.
Liquid nitrogen’s extreme cold is used in cryotherapy to target and freeze off specific areas of skin tissue. It can be used to treat benign disorders like sun spots as well as precancerous or cancerous cells.
For which skin type it is the most effective?
Cryotherapy can be quite effective if you have one or more dark lesions. Anyone who needs a huge surface area treated cannot use this method. Shah believes that people with lighter skin tones benefit from it the most because darker skin tones run the danger of irreversible discoloration.
Pigmented Lesion Laser
Without the necessity for excision, laser treatment for pigmented lesions removes the pigment from the skin. With this treatment type following pigmented lesions can be treated,
- Solar lentigines (sun-induced age spots). They are benign, small, brown macules that frequently appear on the face, V of the breast, hands, forearms, and shins in adults. One or two sessions are typically sufficient to get rid of them when they are not too numerous.
- Freckles. They are little brown macules that typically occur in the summer on exposed skin. In contrast to solar lentigines, they typically appear in the early years of life. One or two treatments are typically sufficient to remove them when they are not too numerous, but recurrence is frequent.
- Lentigines. The majority of the time, these little dark brown macules arise in children. Usually, they go away after a couple of laser treatments.
- Café-Au-Lait Macules (CALMs). They come in the form of uniform, strongly defined, round to oval macules or patches that range in size from 2 mm to 20 cm. Systemic illnesses may be indicated by a high number of CALMs. Small CALMs must be cleared in two to three sessions. Large lesions are more challenging to treat and can come back later.
- Melasma. It is a common pigmentary condition that most frequently affects women and is characterized by brown patches on the exposed parts of the face. There is no cure, and recurrences are unavoidable despite the fact that numerous therapeutic options have been researched. It is crucial to use strict sun protection and to stay away from other triggers. For carefully chosen, treatment-resistant situations, laser therapy should be used in conjunction with topical therapy. Regular sessions are needed (but not more frequently than every two weeks because too many treatments run the danger of hypopigmentation) once melasma has improved to prevent a recurrence. Hypopigmentation is a reverse condition of hyperpigmentation. If you have low amounts of melanin in your skin, some areas of your skin become lighter indicating that you are suffering from hypopigmentation.
How to prepare for laser treatment?
- For four weeks prior to treatment, stay out of the sun and refrain from using UV tanning beds at all.
- Several times each day, use broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 50 or higher.
- For three days prior to treatment, avoid using any topical products that promote photosensitivity in the treatment regions (such as hydroxy acids, salicylic acid, retinol, and benzoyl peroxide).
- On the treated regions, use lotion and a soft cleanser.
- Please check with your doctor to see whether you can still undergo treatment if you’ve had Botox, dermal fillers, laser surgery, or spa services in the treatment areas.
- Tell your doctor about any medications you are now taking (or recently took), including antibiotics, before the appointment.
- If you have a history of herpes infection on the treatment sites, tell your doctor. You could require a prophylactic measure.
What are home remedies to treat hyperpigmentation?
Using natural therapies, it might be feasible to lighten hyperpigmented spots. However, no extensive human trials have been done to determine the efficacy of any of these treatments. To test a new therapy or natural remedy, a person should always do it on a small patch of skin first. If the substance irritates the skin, they should cease using it.
- Aloe-vera. Aloesin, a chemical found in aloe vera, may help to lighten hyperpigmentation. Aloesin acts by preventing the synthesis of melanin in the skin.
- Licorice. Hyperpigmentation may be lightened by licorice extracts. Glabridin, a licorice extract, has been shown in studies to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and skin-whitening properties. Glabridin-containing creams can be used on hyperpigmented areas.
- Green tea. Green tea extracts could help with hyperpigmentation. Green tea has long been examined by scientists for its potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory qualities.
How to avoid hyperpigmentation?
Although hyperpigmentation cannot always be avoided, you can take the following precautions:
- Avoid getting too much sun exposure. Even if you do, daily sun protection is a must. Pick one with an SPF of 30 or higher that is “broad spectrum” (blocks UVA and UVB rays).
- Utilize physical barriers like zinc oxide or titanium dioxide.
- Put on caps and protective clothes.
- To make your skin look as healthy as possible, take care of it by frequently washing, exfoliating, and moisturizing.
- Be patient with any therapies you attempt because results may not appear for several months.
- Through internet forums or chat rooms, get in touch with other people who have hyperpigmentation. Understand that hyperpigmentation and other flaws are common. It’s not just you.
Hyperpigmentation Treatment in Turkey Summary
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin disorder that can occur for a variety of reasons. Age spots, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are examples of hyperpigmentation. Although hyperpigmentation is usually safe, some people like to erase or diminish it. Avoiding sun exposure and using removal techniques like as cosmetic treatments, lotions, and home remedies are two options. If a person detects other symptoms in addition to hyperpigmentation, they should consult with a doctor. If a person wants to cure hyperpigmentation for cosmetic reasons, a dermatologist can advise on the best treatment options.