Stomach Cancer Stage 2

Stomach Cancer Stage 2 is an article that aims to give you all the information you do not know about stomach cancer stage 2 and more. We kindly shared the main headings with you;

What is stomach cancer?

The cancer cells in your stomach proliferate out of control when you have stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer. Anywhere in your stomach can develop cancer. The majority of stomach cancer occurrences in the United States are caused by abnormal cell development at the gastroesophageal junction, the area where your stomach and esophagus connect. 

The main portion of the stomach is where cancer typically develops in other nations where gastric cancer is more prevalent. Stomach cancer begins in the lining of your stomach around 95% of the time and spreads gradually. If left untreated, it may develop into a tumor that grows further into the walls of your stomach. Your pancreas and liver are two adjacent organs where the tumor may have spread.

What are the types of stomach cancer?

Adenocarcinomas, which arise from cells that produce mucus and other fluids, account for the majority of stomach malignancies. Though they are uncommon, additional stomach cancer forms include:

  • An example of a soft-tissue cancer – gastrointestinal stromal tumor (sarcoma)
  • Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors
  • Lymphomas

What are the symptoms of stomach cancer?

Early-stage stomach cancer usually exhibits no symptoms. Even the most prevalent early indicators of stomach cancer, which are frequently inexplicable weight loss and stomach pain, typically don’t manifest until the disease is more advanced. Stomach cancer symptoms include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Weakness or exhaustion
  • Vomiting as well as nausea
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Indigestion and heartburn
  • Vomiting blood or having black stools (poop)
  • Experiencing gas or bloating after eating
  • Stomach ache, frequently located above the navel
  • Being full even after a modest meal or snack

Numerous illnesses also have many of these characteristics. Consult your healthcare professional to see whether your symptoms indicate stomach cancer or another illness.

What are the risk factors of stomach cancer?

When there is a genetic mutation (change) in the DNA of your stomach cells, stomach cancer develops. Cells are programmed by their DNA to know when to divide and when to grow. The mutation causes the cells to proliferate quickly, eventually becoming a tumor rather than dying. When cancer cells overwhelm healthy cells, they have the potential to metastasize or spread to other areas of your body. It is unknown to researchers what causes the mutation. However, some things seem to make stomach cancer more likely. Among them are:

  • Stomach cancer in the family history
  • Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
  • GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
  • Stomach ache
  • Infection with Epstein-Barr virus
  • History of stomach polyps or ulcers
  • A diet heavy in pickled, smoked, and fatty foods
  • Inadequate fruit and vegetable-based diet
  • Regular contact with materials such as rubber, metal, and coal
  • Either chewing, vaping, or smoking tobacco
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Being overweight
  • Gastritis with autoimmune atrophies

Some genetic disorders are linked to a higher risk of stomach cancer, including:

  • Lynch syndrome
  • Jeghers-Petzl syndrome
  • Syndrome of Li-Fraumeni
  • Adenomatous polyposis in the family
  • Inherited diffuse gastric cancer
  • Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID)

How stomach cancer is diagnosed?

Your doctor will go over your medical history, inquire about your symptoms, and do a physical examination, which can include feeling around for a stomach tumor. To identify and classify stomach cancer, they could prescribe several tests.

Your provider can determine the extent of the cancer’s spread with the help of staging. The staging system for stomach cancer goes from 0 (zero) to IV (four). If the cancer is in stage 0, it hasn’t progressed past the lining of your stomach. Stage IV indicates organ dissemination.

  • Upper Endoscopy: To diagnose stomach cancer, upper endoscopy is often utilized. Throughout the process, your doctor will put an endoscope—a tiny tube with a camera at the tip—into your mouth and push it to your stomach. With the help of tiny surgical devices that fit through the endoscope, your doctor can take a tissue sample (biopsy). A lab test for cancer cells can be performed on the sample.


  • Endoscopic Ultrasound: One type of endoscopy that can help stage cancer is endoscopic ultrasonography. An ultrasound probe that can take images of your stomach is linked to the tip of the endoscope that is being utilized. It can reveal whether the cancer has moved from the lining to the wall of your stomach.
  • Radiologic Tests: A CT scan, MRI, and barium swallow are examples of radiologic tests that can be used to detect tumors and other abnormalities that may be associated with cancer. You consume a chemical that increases the visibility of your stomach lining on an X-ray during a barium swallow. Your body’s overall cancer status can be determined via a PET scan. 
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests can provide details about the health of your organs. Ineffective organ function could be a sign that cancer has progressed to that organ.
  • Laparoscopy: When less intrusive techniques, like imaging, haven’t yielded enough information, your provider can evaluate the spread of cancer by doing a laparoscopy. During a laparoscopy, your doctor makes tiny incisions in your abdomen to introduce a tiny camera so they can observe your organs up close.

What is the staging of stomach cancer?

Stomach cancer is staged by doctors according to the size of the tumor, how many lymph nodes are affected, and if it has moved (metastasized) to different bodily regions. This is known as TNM staging. The stage of stomach cancer is as follows:

  • Stage 0: Early cancer that hasn’t spread to the stomach’s deeper layers.
  • Stage I: The cancer has spread to the outer or inner muscle layers of the stomach wall. Additionally, it can reach one or two lymph nodes.
  • Stage II: The tumor has spread into the stomach wall’s deeper layers. Certain lymph nodes have been affected by cancer, but not other bodily components.
  • Stage III: The tumor is bigger and is expanding into the connective tissue outside the stomach as well as through the stomach’s layers. Though it hasn’t progressed past the stomach, the malignancy has reached a few lymph nodes.
  • Stage IV: The cancer has progressed outside the stomach to other organs.

What are the general treatment types of stomach cancer?

The cancer’s stage aids your doctor in determining the course of treatment for you. Additionally, treatment is dependent upon:

  • The kind of cancer you have
  • The cells in which it began
  • The location of the cancer in your stomach, and any additional medical issues

Usually, surgery is required to remove all or a portion of the stomach. Patients get chemotherapy both before and following surgery. If chemotherapy was not administered before surgery, you may have:

  • Following surgery, chemotherapy and radiation are combined (chemoradiotherapy).
  • Following surgery, chemotherapy

You may decide you don’t want surgery, or you may have other health issues that prevent you from having it. Before receiving any treatment, you will undergo tests to determine your level of fitness. These consist of lung and heart exams.

To create your specialized treatment package and calculate the cost of it use the cost calculator below. It will take just a few seconds. 

Treatment Cost Calculator

What are the best treatment types according to the staging of cancer?

  • Stage 1: It is possible to remove small stage 1 stomach malignancies by cutting away the stomach’s inner lining. However, this may not be an option if the cancer spreads to the stomach wall’s muscle layer. Surgery may be required for some stage 1 malignancies to remove all or part of the stomach.
  • Stage 2 and 3: It is possible that surgery is not the primary line of treatment for stomach tumors in stages 2 and 3. To reduce the malignancy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy may be applied initially. This may facilitate the full removal of the malignancy. During surgery, the stomach and/or several lymph nodes are frequently removed.
  • Stage 4: Surgery may be necessary if stage 4 stomach cancer spreads beyond the stomach and into adjacent organs. Parts of the adjacent organs may also need to be removed to eradicate all of the malignancy. To reduce the malignancy, alternative therapies may be used initially. If total removal of a stage 4 malignancy is not possible, surgery may assist manage symptoms.

Why choose Turkey for treatment of stomach cancer stage 2?

It may be wise to treat stage 2 stomach cancer patients in Turkey for several reasons.

  • Advanced Medical Facilities: Modern hospitals and medical facilities in Turkey are outfitted with cutting-edge equipment for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Large cities with specialized oncology departments, like as Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir, have medical personnel with experience who are skilled in treating cases of stomach cancer.
  • Care Quality: Turkish medical personnel are frequently quite knowledgeable and proficient in treating a wide range of malignancies, including stomach cancer. They ensure that patients receive high-quality care at every stage of the illness by adhering to international treatment standards and guidelines.
  • Cost-effective Care: Even for complex operations like surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, medical care in Turkey can be more reasonably priced than in other Western nations. For patients looking for affordable, high-quality care, this can be especially helpful.

How to prevent stomach cancer?

  • If you test positive for H. pylori infection, treat it. An infection with H. pylori increases the risk of stomach cancer significantly.
  • Gastritis, ulcers, and other stomach disorders should be treated right away. Stomach cancer is more likely in persons with untreated stomach disorders, particularly those brought on by the H. pylori bacteria.
  • Consume a balanced diet. You can lower your risk of stomach cancer by eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in salt and red meat. Key nutrients can be found in foods abundant in beta-carotene, vitamin C, and carotenoids, such as carrots, citrus fruits, and leafy green vegetables.
  • Refrain from using tobacco products and smoking. In addition to many other malignancies, stomach cancer is more common among people who smoke.
  • Sustain a healthy weight. A healthy weight might mean different things to different people. Find out from your doctor what constitutes a healthy weight for you.

If you have further concerns or questions you can easily contact Medical Center Turkey. Just click below and get a free consultation.

Request a FREE Consultation