Spine Surgery in Turkey

Spine Surgery in Turkey is an article that aims to give you all the information you do not know about spine surgery in Turkey and more. We kindly shared the main headings with you;

What is lower back pain?

Numerous illnesses, injuries, and disorders can cause low back pain; however, back injuries to the muscles or tendons are the most common cause. Mild to severe pain is possible. Sometimes discomfort might make it hard or impossible to work, sleep, walk, or perform daily tasks. Physical therapy (PT), pain medication, and rest are usually effective in treating lower back discomfort. Injections of cortisone and manual therapies (such as osteopathic or chiropractic manipulation) can reduce pain and facilitate healing. Some illnesses and injuries to the back require surgery to be repaired.Invest in your health, invest in a brighter future. Our comprehensive medical programs deliver real results, while you indulge in the beauty and serenity of our destination.

What are the symptoms of lower back pain?

  • Stiffness: You might find it difficult to move or erect your back. It could take some time to get up from a seated position, and you could feel as though you need to stretch or go for a stroll to help you loosen up. You can experience less range of motion.
  • Posture issues: It might be difficult for many persons with back pain to stand up straight. Instead of having your torso in line with your spine, you can stand “crooked” or bowed. Your lower back may appear to be flat rather than bent.
  • Spastic muscles: Following a strain, the lower back muscles may contract erratically or spasm. Severe discomfort can result from muscle spasms, which can also make standing, walking, or moving difficult or impossible.

Is lower back pain preventable?

Lower back discomfort resulting from disease or structural issues with the spine cannot be prevented. However, back pain-causing injuries are preventable. To lower the chance of suffering a back injury, you ought to:

  • Keep your weight under control: Being overweight strains the disks and vertebrae.
  • Strengthen your abdominal muscles: Pilates and other workout regimens help to build the core muscles that support the spine.
  • Lift things correctly: Use your legs, not your back, to lift objects to prevent injuries. Keep bulky objects near your body. When lifting, try not to twist your torso.

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How to understand when to get a spine surgery?

Usually, patients are advised to schedule an appointment with their primary care physician before coming to the doctor with symptoms of the extremities. In order to determine if a person’s neck or lower back discomfort will go away, the doctor monitors patients over time and advises them to continue engaging in healthy, steady physical activity. The next step would be to contact a doctor for an evaluation if the problem cannot be resolved by exercise, over-the-counter remedies, pain relief, or anti-inflammatory drugs.

Numerous patients with spinal issues can be treated non-operatively. Prior to choosing surgery, it is frequently advised to try out physical therapy, at-home exercises, medicines, and spinal injections. Surgery becomes an excellent alternative if the issue is still unresolved after treatment.

What is spine surgery performed for?

The immediate objectives of the surgery might be categorized into one of the following groups depending on the ailment the surgeon is treating:

  • Neurological structural decompression
  • Spinal stabilization
  • Both spinal segment stabilization and neural structure decompression together

The long-term objective for spine surgery in Turkey is to lessen pain and improve patients’ function.

What are the most common types of spine surgery in Turkey?

The most common types of spine surgery in Turkey is given as follows,

  • Laminectomy / Laminotomy: In order to relieve compression on the nerve or spinal cord, a laminectomy or laminotomy is performed. The words laminectomy and laminotomy describe where and how big the opening is in the posterior portions of the spine. This is also another kind of decompression.
  • Spinal fusion: The most popular procedure for long-term, nonspecific back pain with degenerative changes is this one. The spinal bones, also known as vertebrae, will be joined by the physician. This restricts how they can move together and how far your nerves can travel. However, it’s unlikely to restrict your activities. The bones don’t usually fuse together, however, this is uncommon. This issue may be more likely among smokers. In that case, you could require more surgery to correct it.
  • Disk replacement: Between your vertebrae, a surgeon will remove the damaged spinal disk and replace it with an artificial one. In contrast to fusion, this preserves your spinal mobility. Additionally, recovery time can be less than following a spinal fusion. However, there is a remote possibility that the fresh disk will slip or fall and break.
  • Foraminotomy: The purpose of this procedure is to treat back discomfort brought on by a compressed spinal nerve. To increase the width of the opening where nerves leave your spine, the surgeon makes incisions along the sides of your vertebrae. Your pain may subside and your nerve pressure may be released by having more room. This treatment may also cause your spine to become less stable, similar to a laminectomy. Thus, a spinal fusion may be performed concurrently by the surgeon. That will make your recuperation period longer. 
  • Discectomy: Back discomfort can occasionally be caused by a disk, which is the cushion between your vertebrae, slipping out of place and pressing on a spinal nerve. This treatment often entails the removal of herniated disc material that is pressing on the spinal cord or nerves. It is a decompressive discectomy that involves the surgeon removing the disk whole or in part. Your spine may need to be severely sliced, or they may be able to perform it with a tiny incision known as a microdiscectomy. Microdiscectomy has become the accepted surgical approach for treating lumbar disc herniation because it may be done under an operating microscope and requires a smaller incision than open discectomy. A discectomy may occasionally be performed in conjunction with a laminectomy, foraminotomy, or spinal fusion.
  • Interlaminar implant: Compared to a more intrusive laminectomy or laminectomy plus fusion surgery, this is a less invasive option. In your lower back, the surgeon inserts a U-shaped device between two vertebrae. It relieves strain on your spinal nerves and helps keep the area between them open. It is possible to perform it concurrently with a laminectomy. In contrast to spinal fusion, the implant offers stability and a nearly normal range of motion for your spine. It’s possible that you have trouble bending backward in that spot.

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What is lumbar spine surgery?

A variety of surgical techniques used to treat disorders and deformities of the lower back are referred to as lumbar spine surgeries. When issues with the vertebrae that make up the lumbar spine result in pain, numbness, or other symptoms, lumbar spine surgery may be necessary.

What is vertebroplasty?

A procedure called vertebroplasty involves injecting cement into a fractured or cracked spinal bone to help with pain relief. Vertebrae are the bones of the spine. The most common injury type for which vertebroplasty is utilized is a compression fracture. The disorder known as osteoporosis, which weakens bones, is typically the cause of many injuries. Older adults are more likely to develop osteoporosis. Many compression fractures are asymptomatic and do not require medical attention. However, vertebroplasty may be helpful if your discomfort is severe or chronic.

What is kyphoplasty?

Kyphoplasty, which is similar to vertebroplasty in that it involves injecting special cement into your vertebrae, also involves making space for the procedure by using a balloon-like device (also known as balloon vertebroplasty). Kyphoplasty may provide pain relief in addition to restoring the height of a damaged vertebra. Physicians may suggest kyphoplasty in cases of certain spinal fractures or vertebrae affected by malignancy. Most often, pain or a hunched posture are the result of the vertebrae compressing or collapsing due to osteoporosis, a weakening of the bones.

What happens during surgery?

During a vertebroplasty, your surgeon will inject cement into the broken bones using a needle. In order to lift the spine, kyphoplasty involves first inserting a tiny balloon into the bone and inflating it. After that, the balloon is taken down, and cement is added to the empty cavity. Your doctor inserts rods, screws, or plates during spinal fusion to stabilize your bones until they fuse together.

What are the risks of spine surgery?

The majority of back surgery patients experience few, if any, side effects. Nevertheless, there is some risk associated with any operation, including:

  • Reaction to anesthesia or other drugs
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots, for instance in your legs or lungs
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Herniated disk
  • Damage to the nerves, which can result in pain, paralysis, weakness, inability to regulate one’s bowels or bladder, and sexual dysfunction

What is the recovery procedure for spine surgery?

The experts are continually working for improvements in spine surgery, such as less invasive surgical methods and improved pain management for patients undergoing spine surgeries. The time it takes to recover from a spine surgery has drastically decreased over the years and will only get faster. The usual anticipated time to resume patients’ regular activities after three weeks or less, depending on the operation.

Following your operation, you will see your doctor again every 4 to 6 weeks, and subsequently every few months to 2 years. To monitor the healing process of your back, you might undergo imaging tests such as an MRI or X-ray. Ask your doctor if there is anything that could help you feel more comfortable when you return to work if you haven’t started yet. For instance, you might want a swiveling chair if you spend your days at a desk in order to prevent damaging twisting of the spine.

We recommend you to follow the instructions given below.

  • Do exercise: For a few weeks following surgery, you might need to see a physical therapist. They can demonstrate for you certain activities that promote injury prevention and hasten healing. Walking is beneficial, but start out slowly. Increase your speed gradually and extend your distance each time out. Aim to avoid prolonged standing or sitting. Wait to climb stairs until your doctor gives the all-clear. Resuming strenuous tasks, such as lawn mowing or vacuuming, should wait. 
  • Quit smoking: To lessen your pain, if you smoke, think about quitting. Smoking causes your spine to deteriorate more quickly, which exacerbates back pain. Similarly, attempt to use the days leading up to and following your surgery to stop smoking.
  • Follow a healthy diet: The correct nutrients, above all, strengthen your immune system and expedite the healing process. Consuming foods strong in protein and high in antioxidants aids in muscle repair and infection prevention. Steer clear of processed carbs and sugary foods as they exacerbate inflammation.
  • Drink water: Keep yourself hydrated by consuming lots of water.
  • Prepare your home: Prepare your home in the weeks before your back surgery to shorten the recovery period. You won’t be strong enough or able to significantly alter your surroundings after your surgery. Remove any clutter, area rugs, and other anything that could cause you to stumble from your indoor walking route. Keep commonly used objects within easy reach—remember, after surgery, you won’t be able to bend over or lift much. Invest in a chair with sturdy seating and armrests; stay away from seats that are uncomfortable to stand in.
  • Assemble your sleeping space: a bed shouldn’t be too high or too low to the ground, as this will make getting in and out of it difficult. Verify the height of your toilet; Invest in a railing or toilet seat extender to help with standing. Put in a non-slip mat in the bathtub or shower.
  • Be careful bathing: After surgery, avoid washing or submerging your incision for two weeks. Instead, use a wash towel to clean it and keep it dry. In the course of your initial post-operative visit, your spine surgeon will examine your incision, evaluate the healing process, and provide you with additional personalized advice for cleaning and maintenance.

What is the follow up procedure?

Following your operation, you will see your doctor again every 4 to 6 weeks, and subsequently every few months to 2 years. To monitor the healing process of your back, you might undergo imaging tests such as an MRI or X-ray. Ask your doctor if there is anything that could help you feel more comfortable when you return to work if you haven’t started yet. For instance, you might want a swiveling chair if you spend your days at a desk in order to prevent damaging twisting of the spine.

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