Liver Cancer Stage 3

Liver Cancer Stage 3

Liver Cancer Stage 3 is an article that aims to give you all the information you do not know about liver cancer stage 3  and more. We kindly shared the main headings with you;

What is liver cancer?

One of the cancers with the fastest rate of growth in the US is liver cancer, a potentially fatal disease. Primary and secondary liver cancers are the two types that exist. Your liver is where primary cancer begins. A secondary cancer is when cancer from another place of your body spreads to your liver. This is a summary of primary liver cancer. Healthcare professionals can treat liver cancer more effectively in its early stages, similar to many other types of cancer. Healthcare professionals are aware of the factors that raise a person’s chance of acquiring liver cancer, unlike many other types of cancer. To detect and treat primary liver cancer as soon as possible, medical professionals are determined to determine who might be more susceptible.


What is the cause of liver cancer?

When something modifies the DNA of healthy liver cells, liver cancer results. The genes that instruct our cells on how to operate are carried by DNA. Genes that control when cells divide, grow, and die are present in every human. Oncogenes, for instance, promote cell division and growth. Tumor suppressor genes are other genes that keep an eye on cell activity, preventing abnormally high cell division and ensuring that cells die when they should. Our cells receive updated instructions when our DNA mutates or changes.

Mutations in the DNA cause oncogenes and/or tumor suppressor genes to become active in HCC. Research indicates that over 50% of instances of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis are associated with HCC. These viruses alter the DNA of the liver cells they infect, transforming them from healthy to malignant cells.

What are the symptoms of liver cancer?

In the early stages of liver cancer, you may not exhibit any symptoms at all. The symptoms of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are comparable. A sore spot on the right side of your abdomen, a lump beneath your ribs, or pain close to your right shoulder

  • Jaundice (a condition that results in yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Unexplained loss of appetite, sickness, or weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Dark urine

How to diagnose liver cancer?


If your physical examination reveals liver cancer signs and symptoms, your healthcare professional may suspect liver cancer in you. To find out more, they could request the following tests,

  • Blood testing: To determine whether your liver is healthy or damaged, medical professionals may do blood tests for cancer, such as a liver function test, to look at proteins, enzymes, and other substances. They could run an alfa-fetoprotein (AFP) test. Elevated AFP levels could be a sign of liver cancer.
  • Sonography, or ultrasound: This examination creates images of your soft tissue composition. Ultrasound is a tool used by medical professionals to detect liver cancers.
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan: This unique kind of X-ray provides precise images of your liver and tells you about the location and size of liver tumors.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This test uses radio waves, a big magnet, and a computer to create incredibly clear images of your body.
  • Angiogram: This test aids medical professionals in examining the blood arteries in your liver. Your healthcare provider will inject dye into an artery during this procedure to monitor blood vessel activity and check for obstructions.
  • Biopsy: Medical professionals take tissue from the liver to check for cancerous growths. The most trustworthy method of verifying a liver cancer diagnosis is through biopsies.

What is the staging of liver cancer?

Using guidelines established by the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer System (BCLC), medical professionals stage HCC. This approach assesses the features of the HCC liver, such as the size of the tumor, your symptoms, and how effectively your liver is functioning. Healthcare professionals may refer to each stage of BCLC using a different name; for example, they may refer to stages I through IV or 0-C, or they may use phrases like early and advanced stage HCC. Stages of hepatocellular carcinoma encompass the following:

  • Stage I, very early stage, or stage 0: You have a solitary, smaller than 2-centimeter (cm) tumor in your liver. You have a normal bilirubin level according to blood tests.
  • Stage II, early stage, or stage A: One tumor measuring five centimeters or less, or many tumors measuring three centimeters or less, are present. The tumor may have invaded your blood vessels.
  • Stage III, often known as the intermediate stage, or stage B: This stage is characterized by the possibility of multiple tumors or tumors larger than 5 cm. The tumor may have moved to one of your organs, big blood vessels, or lymph nodes.
  • Stage IV/advanced stage/stage C: The cancer has progressed to other bodily parts, including lymph nodes, bones, and lungs.

To create your specialized treatment package based on the stage of your cancer and calculate the cost just click below. It just takes a few seconds. 

Treatment Cost Calculator

How to treat cancer according to stages?

Stage 1

  • Active surveillance: Your tumor may be less than or approximately 2 cm in its earliest stage, and it hasn’t yet migrated to your blood vessels. If the tumor is less than 1 cm in size, we might suggest active surveillance with screening every three months to keep an eye on your condition. Benefits include extending a higher quality of life and avoiding or postponing needless procedures with unpleasant side effects. But, there’s a chance that your cancer won’t respond to treatment as planned or that it may develop more quickly than anticipated. Ongoing exams may also cause you tension or anxiety.
  • Other treatment options: In stage 1, other treatment possibilities include liver transplantation, ablation, and liver resection or hepatectomy (surgical to remove the malignant portion of the liver). Chemoembolization, also known as trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE), cryoablation, percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and microwave ablation (MWA) are examples of ablation procedures.


Stage 2

Your tumor is larger than 2 cm and has gotten into your blood vessels at stage 2. Even if you have many tumors that are smaller than 5 cm, your lymph nodes will not have been affected by the malignancy. Resection, transplantation, TACE, RFA, or MWA ablation are further options for treating liver cancer in its second stage. One technique for eliminating bodily tissue—in this case, malignant cells—is ablation.

  • Ablation: If surgery is not an option for you, we could suggest ablation to reduce the size of a tumor so that it can be surgically removed. Using a TACE, we deliver chemotherapy directly to the malignant region of your liver, which is usually your hepatic artery. In a similar vein, radioembolization entails inserting radiation-bearing beads into this artery to deliver radiation to the tumor. Using needle-like electrodes, RFA and MWA use heat in the form of microwaves or high-energy radio waves to kill cancer cells. Another name for this procedure is thermal ablation. By freezing the cancer cells, liquid nitrogen is applied to the liver tumor or tumors during cryoablation. During this process, we might direct the cryoprobe with the help of an ultrasound.


Stage 3

When the cancer reaches stage 3, it has spread to nearby body organs, including one of the liver’s main blood veins, and you will have several tumors. It’s conceivable that one of your tumors is larger than 5 cm. Targeted or immunotherapy medications, TACE, RFA, and MWA, can all be used as treatments. We’ll also talk about ways to deal with bothersome symptoms.

  • Targeted Drugs: They target the underlying mechanisms, such as genetic abnormalities or specific proteins, that propel the formation of liver cancer have been created by researchers. These treatments obstruct the signals that cancer cells need to proliferate and endure. We might utilize bevacizumab, regorafenib, lenvatinib, and sorafenib alone or in combination. Targeted therapies, as opposed to conventional chemotherapy, minimize damage to healthy cells and may cause fewer side effects.
  • Immunotherapy: Using immunotherapy, cancer cells are combated by your body’s immune system. Immune checkpoint inhibitors have demonstrated potential in the treatment of liver cancer. These drugs facilitate the immune system’s ability to identify and combat cancer cells more successfully.


Stage 4

Unfortunately, stage 4, which is the most advanced, is frequently incurable. You could have a single tumor or several, of any size. Blood vessels, the organs around your liver, lymph nodes, and even farther afield, such as the lungs or bones, could all be affected by cancer. The goals of treatment may include symptom management, quality of life enhancement, and cancer progression slowing. Chemotherapy, targeted treatments, and immunotherapy are among the options available to reduce tumor size and associated pain.

Why choose Turkey for liver cancer stage 3 treatment?

Turkey has grown in popularity as a medical tourism destination, and several factors could make it a desirable choice for people undergoing liver cancer treatment:

  • Medical Knowledge: Turkey boasts highly skilled medical specialists, such as surgeons, hepatologists, and oncologists, who frequently attend international conferences and receive foreign training.
  • Contemporary Healthcare Facilities: Modern, well-equipped medical facilities that satisfy international standards may be found in Turkey’s major cities. Modern technology is available in many hospitals for the diagnosis, treatment, and surgical management of cancer.
  • Cost-effective Care: In Turkey, the cost of medical care is frequently less expensive than in the West. This covers costs for examinations, surgeries, diagnostic tests, and postoperative care.
  • Cutting Edge Technologies: Turkey has made advances in medical technology and infrastructure, making cutting-edge liver cancer diagnosis and treatment options accessible.

To learn more about liver cancer you can get free consults from Medical Center Turkey team. Just click below.

Request a FREE Consultation

What should be the follow up process after the treatment?

Your body suffers from both liver cancer and its treatments. Some undergo surgery to remove a portion of their liver, or they receive liver transplants. Some people might require care for the rest of their lives. In any case, schedule routine visits with your physician so they can track your development and look for any indications of recurrent liver cancer (cancer that returns). For instance, following up with imaging and blood testing every three to six months for the first two years following therapy is recommended for those who do not show any symptoms of liver cancer.

Following liver cancer treatment, the following actions may lower your chance of liver cancer returning,

  • Defend against the viruses that cause hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Get vaccinated against viruses causing hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
  • Try quitting smoking if you do. Ask your healthcare physician about smoking cessation programs if you need assistance quitting.
  • If you consume alcohol, attempt to cut back or give it up. Once more, your healthcare professional might suggest programs and resources if you need assistance.
  • Follow a balanced diet. Your appetite may be affected by liver cancer and its treatment, especially when your body needs nourishment to stay strong and heal. See a nutritionist if you’re having problems eating. They will offer suggestions on how to obtain the necessary nutrients.
  • Exercise. Find out from your healthcare physician which exercise is appropriate for your circumstances. You can reduce some of your stress by exercising. Make time for adequate sleep. One typical adverse effect of liver cancer and its therapy is fatigue.